effects on runoff, groundwater, and land of irrigating with cattle manure slurries

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  • English
by
University of Tennessee , Knoxville
Runoff, Groundwater, Slurry, Farm manure, Irrigation
Statement[by] John I. Sewell [and] James C. Barker
SeriesWater Resources Research Center, University of Tennessee. Research report, no. 31
ContributionsBarker, James C, United States. Office of Water Resources Research
The Physical Object
Pagination26 leaves.
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL14633531M

This article reviews the value that results from changes to soil’s physical characteristics. Charles Wortmann and Dan Walters, faculty with the University of Nebraska-Lincoln monitored soil erosion, runoff, and phosphorus (P) loss from replicated field plots over three cropping seasons immediately after manure application and four subsequent years when no manure was applied.

Runoff from feedlot may cause surface and groundwater pollution. Knowledge of runoff quality from beef cattle feedlot pens would be useful to design effective management practices to protect water quality. The objective of this bulletin is to share runoff quality measurements from three beef cattle feedlot pen surfaces under North Dakota management and climatic conditions.

In this paper, the effects of cattle manure application on soil erosion rates and runoff and on surface water pollution by faecal coliforms are analysed. Rainfall simulations at a rate of 70 mm h(-1) were conducted in a sandy loam soil packed into soil flumes (m long x 1m wide) at a bulk density of kg m(-3), with and without cattle Cited by: In this paper, the effects of cattle manure application on soil erosion rates and runoff and on surface water pollution by faecal coliforms are analysed.

Rainfall simulations at a rate of 70 mm h −1 were conducted in a sandy loam soil packed into soil flumes ( m long×1 m wide) at a bulk density of kg m −3, with and without cattle Cited by:   Cattle-Manure Runoff Making Rural Families Sick (And Urban Ones Too?): The Two-Way Anyone who still has an idealized vision of how healthy.

Book Sources "The Effects of Runoff, Groundwater and Land Irrigating with Cattle Manure Slurries" Water Resources Research Center.

The Univeristy of Tennessee: Knoxville, TN, Oct 4, slurry irrigation and its effects on water quality with several statistics about the manure chemicals in. Effects of Long-Term Cattle Manure Applications on Soil, Water, and Crops Implications for Animal and Human Health cation in the U.S.

is P runoff from agr icultural land Effect of long. of cattle manure on soil quality, shallow groundwater quality, and crop production on two soil types under irrigated conditions; and (2) based on the results, to make appropriate recommendations for the management of manure application on land to minimize or prevent detrimental effects on soil and groundwater resources.

Manure Irrigation Workgroup •Manure Irrigation Research –Identify weather variables (e.g., wind speed, solar radiation, relative humidity) most important for airborne pathogen transport during manure irrigation. –Develop statistical model to predict airborne pathogen transport.

–Use quantitative microbial risk assessment to establish safe. Steps to prevent manure runoff. If manure land application can’t wait, to reduce the impact of manure applied to the surface of wet or frozen soil, Avoid steeper slopes by choosing the flattest field or flattest parts of fields with less than 6% slope for solid manure, 2% for liquid manure.

Runoff and Nutrient Redistribution 6 Liquid Hog Manure Characteristics 7 Impacts of Fertilizer Applications on Runoff Water Quality 10 Nitrogen 10 Nitrogen Use as Fertilizer 10 Nitrogen Input and Impact to Surface Runoff Water Quality 10 Effects of Fertilizer on Soil and Runoff N 11File Size: 1MB.

Book Sources: "The Effects of Runoff, Groundwater and Land Irrigating with Cattle Manure Slurries" Water Resources Research Center. The University of Tennessee: Knoxville, TN, Oct 4, Slurry irrigation and its effects on water quality with several statistics about the manure chemicals in.

Details effects on runoff, groundwater, and land of irrigating with cattle manure slurries PDF

Runoff is likely to occur from open feedlot pen surfaces when rainfall or snowmelt occurs. A rainfall event following land application of manure, overapplying manure or misapplying manure also may cause runoff.

The focus of this publication is to discuss feedlot runoff quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate the long‐term effects of grazing management and buffer strips on P runoff from pastures receiving annual ( Mg ha−1) poultry litter applications.

Description effects on runoff, groundwater, and land of irrigating with cattle manure slurries FB2

fresh cattle manure, aged cattle manure and swine slurry treatments ranged from £ to ££ to £and £ to £respectively. Plot runoff concentrations of protozoa (Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts) ranged from £ The main factors to consider when irrigating with animal manure water Water quality Water analysis is essential for effective manure water management and application.

The correct interpretation of the water quality with which the irrigation is to be done is very important in the entire planning- and management Size: KB. bibliography 1uo 73 luu 73 luo 73 74 74 74 luu 74 74 74 69 70 71 71 sfcwell j i barker j c the effects oh runoff groundwater and land of irrigating with cattle manure slurries keywords farm-wast es cattle water-reuse waste-dispqs6l.

Cattle slurry manure applied to land increases the risk of phosphorus (P) movement to surface waters, which may lead to eutrophication. The water-extractable fraction of P in slurry manure is correlated with P concentration in runoff from soils amended with slurry smanure, and thus is an effective indicator of environmental P by: flow rate of runoff water, keep the soil in place, and reduce soil transport.

Nutrients Farmers apply nutrients such as phosphorus, nitrogen, and potassium in the form of chemical fertilizers, manure, and sludge.

They may also grow legumes and leave crop residues to enhance production. When these sources exceed plant needs, or are. Surface application of manure may increase the risk of phosphorus loss in runoff.

Manure application, however, often results in increased soil aggregate stability with reduced runoff and erosion and, therefore, reduced P transport potential.

Three field studies were conducted with silt loam or silty clay loam soil in Nebraska to determine how water-stable soil aggregation in the 0- to mm Cited by: centrations and greater DRP loads in runoff from manure rather than compost plots after amendments were applied for two consec-utive years.

By delaying irrigation until the spring, one can greatly reduce sediment and nutrient losses in surface irrigation runoff from fields that received manure the preced-ing fall (Lentz and Westermann ). Plot runoff concentrations of protozoa (Cryptosporidium oocysts and Giardia cysts) ranged from x 10(5) to x 10(6), x 10(3) to x 10(5), and x 10(4) to x 10(6) for fresh cattle manure, aged cattle manure and swine slurry plot treatments, by: objective of this study was to determine the effects of setback distance and runoff rate on the concentrations and mass transport rates of selected constituents following land applicatio n of beef cattle manure to a no-till cropland area.

The study site had a residue cover of Mg ha-1 and a slope gradient of %. The 20 plots examined. ing streams as influenced by groundwater discharged to water bodies. However, if an intensive rainfall event occurs shortly after fertilization, urea fertilizer or manure (these nutrient sources have to be mineralized) added to agricultural land have the potential for NH 4 loss through surface water transport, before these nutri­.

About this indicator Animal agriculture manure is a primary source of nitrogen and phosphorus to surface and groundwater. Manure runoff from cropland and pastures or discharging animal feeding operations and concentrated animal feeding operations (CAFOs) often reaches surface and groundwater systems through surface runoff or infiltration.

The paper presents results of studies on the effects of long-term storage of cattle manure directly on the ground on the contamination of shallow groundwater with dissolved organic carbon (DOC). The research was carried out from January to December It was conducted at the site where cattle manure had been stored for about 20 years.

Nutrient losses in runoff from feedlot surfaces as affected by unconsolidated surface materials J.E. Gilley, J.R. Vogel, R.A. Eigenberg, D.B. Marx, and B.L. Woodbury Abstract: Beef cattle feedlots contain unconsolidated surface materials (loose manure pack) that accumulate during a feeding cycle.

The effects of varying amounts of unconsolidated. Irrigation of Liquid Manures As liquid manure storages become larger, interest in using irrigation technology for land applying manure increases. This fact sheet will provide guidance on how, how much, and how fast liquid manure can be applied to a specific land area using irrigation technology.

Must Remain Environmentally Friendly. the feedlot and manure handling system is shown in Figure 1. EXPERIMENT Feedlot Description All manure was handled in solid form.

Yard manure on the paved feedlot was scraped weekly to a ramp and directly into a manure spreader for immediate distribution on cropland. Manure was spread year round.

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The cooperator stated that about four loads of. Effects of cattle manure on erosion rates and runoff water pollution by faecal coliforms. / Ramos, M. C.; Quinton, John N.; Tyrrel, S. In: Journal of Environmental. Manure Storage and Runoff Control: Structural practices that can help protect water quality and make manure management more convenient for the farmer.

How it Works Along with a nutrient management plan, many farmers use manure storage structures and barnyard runoff controls to improve manure management and protect water quality.Manure or compost from beef cattie feediots can be an excellent sources of nutrients and organic matter when added to soils, but they can also pollute runoff.

We determined the effects of simulated rainfall on runoff losses of P and N, and EC and pH following application of manure and compost to a Sharpsburg silty clay loam (fine smectitic.Introduction Runoff management allows dairy farmers to direct rainwater and/or other runoff water away from their manure storage facilities and confined animal feeding areas.

Benefits from runoff control include but are not limited to: Avoidance of stream pollution by phosphorus and other potential pollutants Reduced manure storage Reduced costs related to manure handling and land application.